How many times a recurring event of headaches prompted you to wonder whether you have sinus? Perhaps, not even once. How many of us know and can decipher the symptoms of sinusitis? Probably, only a handful of us. This perhaps is the reason why majority of people suffer pain quietly until symptoms aggravate and prevent them from going about their lives normally. Studies also show that 1 in 8 Indians suffer from chronic sinusitis. It is in no way a contagious disease but still it is a nasal disease which is far more visible in Indians than any other diseases. Today we will discuss on Sinus Surgery Types, Symptoms and Treatment.
Read on to find out more about this disease and requisite surgeries to cure it.
A sinus is nothing but the hollow cavity present in the bones of head and the face.
There are 4 different sinuses in the human body:
The hollow cavities in the skull, also known as sinuses are connected to the nasal airway. There are 4 cavities namely:
- Ethmoid sinuses- located between the eyes
- Frontal sinuses- located in the forehead above the eyes
- Maxillary sinuses- located in either of the cheekbones
- Sphenoid sinuses- located behind the head
The 2 types of sinusitis:
- Chronic- chronic sinusitis lasts for 12 weeks and could also go on for years in some people
- Acute- Acute sinusitis is the short term one lasting about less than four weeks, it goes away without any medication
Symptoms of sinusitis:
Fever that is triggered due to inflammatory conditions in sinus tissues.
- Severe headache:
Headache caused because of partially or totally blocked cavities. The headache is at its punishing best when there are temperature changes in your environment.
- Sore throat:
Inflammation of throat tissues gives rise to sinus infections. Excessive production of mucus can give rise to a swollen throat and subsequently a hoarse voice.
- Ear pain:
Frequent ear infections and aches in the ear area.
- Reduction in sensation:
People suffering from sinusitis have a reduced sense of smell and taste.
- Nasal congestion:
Sinusitis causes stuffiness and a general feeling of discomfort in the person. They also have difficulty in breathing properly.
- Itching feeling:
There is itching feeling emanating from the back of one’s throat. The itching also happens in the eyes.
Surgery for treatment of sinusitis:
Surgeries for sinus treatment entail procedures to facilitate effective passage of mucous through the sinus cavities.
- FESS surgery- Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery is the short for FESS. It is done only when medications and treatment therapies do not work out.
- Endoscopic Sinus Surgery- This procedure is useful for removing the blockages in the mucous membrane.
As mentioned above, FESS and Endoscopic Sinus surgeries are two treatment options.
- Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: The procedure involves the doctor using an endoscope to examine and extract the affected nasal tissues. CT scans and physical examination enable the doctor to get an idea as to which sinus cavities need to be worked on. Sinus openings are subsequently enlarged for easy drainage of sinusitis. The doctor would either remove the polyps or The surgery also involves removing blockages to eliminate the mucus out of the openings. Chances of a recurrence are thereby minimized due to surgery.
- Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: This type of surgery involves insertion of an endoscope along with other surgical instruments into the nose. The endoscope provides a better view of the nasal passage to the surgeon. Whereas, the other instruments allow the surgeon to extract the blockages and polyps obstructing the mucous membrane.
Nowadays balloon sinuplasty which is similar to a balloon angioplasty is used for sinus treatments too. Find the cost of sinus surgery in India here.
Post operative care:
The care a patient is supposed to take post surgery is as important as the surgery itself. In most cases, the procedure fails only because of poor post-operative care taken by patient. Following few of these tips could not only fasten your recovery but also help you get back to normal life earlier:
- Nasal drops prescribed by the doctor should be sprayed towards the wall of the nose and not in the center.
- The patient also should as far as possible try to avoid not to blow or rub or press his or her nose.
- The patient should stay away from ice-creams and cold foods
- Staying away from dusty places and smokey environs also is helpful.
- Using salt water solution for cleaning the nose help unblock the nose and reduce discharge of mucous
- Activities like bending forward, strenuous exercising, blowing your nose should be restricted