Conserving water is a huge concern for many homeowners nurturing a lush, healthy garden. It is one thing to keep your lawn green and beautiful, and it is entirely another thing to keep it alive when you are faced with difficult circumstances. This may include having limited access to water, having to comply with water restrictions, a strained budget, or a dry climate.
Quite a lot of innovative water-saving techniques have emerged and are used worldwide, with most of them being known to deliver effective results. From saving money on your water bill, to growing the best flowering trees in your area and enhancing the beauty of nature, we share some excellent ways you can save water while keeping your greenery stunning all year round.
Assess the soil thoroughly
Whether you’re starting your first garden or expanding your luscious landscape, examining the soil should be your first starting point.
There are different soil types and each one has its own special water requirements that may or may not work with your plants.
Ideally, you need to understand the soil’s water holding capacity, drainage capability and pH properties to promote adequate nutrient support and uptake. You also need to consider the requirements and types of the plants you’re looking to grow.
If you are uncertain about which type of soil you have, what the soil and water requirements of your plants are, don’t hesitate to call a local expert gardener.
Choose deep, organically rich soil
For plants to thrive properly, the right garden soil should be composed of sand, silt and clay. Many gardeners find sandy loam to be the best type of soil to work with. It doesn’t only have a tight hold on water and perfect pH levels; it also provides good drainage while allowing a sufficient amount of air to enter. Furthermore, it stimulates growth of strong, deep roots that are able to store more nutrients and water, and survive periods of drought.
If your garden is not blessed with rich, loamy soil, don’t worry as there is still a wide variety of plants that thrive pretty well in other soil textures and yield attractive foliage. For instance, although clay soil can be a bit of a challenge to deal with, it offers high nutrient and moisture-holding properties which can help colourful flowering plants flourish.
Some of the best plants for clay soil include the Callistemon (Little John), a dense shrub that yields blood red flowers and blue green leaves, and Indigofera australis (Australian indigo), a slender plant that produces sprays of blue green foliage and purple blooms.
Remember, no matter what soil type you are working with, when it is prepared correctly, the result would undoubtedly be lush, striking foliage.
Create a schedule for watering your plants
To make every drop count, find out what your plants’ watering needs are. While there are no hard or fast rules when it comes to watering your plants, studies suggest that some plants are best watered in the morning while others should be watered in the afternoon.
Plants containing low moisture retention properties tend to dry out quickly, so they are best watered in the afternoon. On the contrary, those that can retain moisture longer can be watered in the morning. But you have to keep in mind that you don’t water plants when it is too hot since this will only make the water evaporate quickly.
It would also not make sense to water plants when it’s windy or rainy as you will not only be wasting water, but you will also risk overwatering your plants.
If you’re dedicated to growing the best flowering trees in your place, it is advisable to practice less frequent yet deeper watering to allow the water to penetrate the soil and reach the roots.
By establishing a proper watering schedule, you will be sure to have a well-hydrated and healthy garden, even during those steamy summer months.
Add mulch around your plants
Another excellent way to reduce your water consumption is by using a healthy dose of mulch around flowering plants, trees and shrubs. Mulch retains water that helps in keeping the moisture around the plants and insulates soil temperature during dry and cold spells.
Typically spread around a plant or over the ground as a protective layer, mulch comes from a huge range of organic and inorganic materials. Other than its water and moisture retention properties, it also offers heaps of benefits:
- Acts like a fertiliser by releasing nutrients and preventing vitamin loss in plants.
- Shields soil from the heat of the sun, and as such, prevents evaporation.
- Relieves plants from stress by regulating soil temperature.
- Gets rid of weeds that compete with plants for nutrients, thus increasing nutrient levels in your plants.
- Promotes biological activity in your garden by giving organisms and insects food.
- Improves soil conditions and enhances plant growth.
With all that said, mulch is ultimately a key ingredient for nourishing a healthy and dazzling garden.
Pick drought-tolerant grass varieties
When you cannot rely on a constant water supply to fill your lawn with summer colour, planting drought-tolerant grass varieties is your best option.
Drought-tolerant plants are known top performers that do not only survive long dry summers, but also tolerate poor soil. If you find it difficult to grow your favorite flowers during the hot season, why not create a drought-resistant garden? This way, you can still enjoy striking scenery even without wasting water.
Planting herbs that grow all year round is also a good solution to let your garden stay vibrant whatever the season is.
Seek professional help
While growing the best flowering trees and plants in your garden virtually follows the same gardening principles (water, fertilisation, weed control and mowing), there is no one-size-fits-all strategy for all garden types.
Hiring a mowing and garden care expert might be a wise move to help you get started and get that healthy, lush garden you’ve always wanted, without breaking the bank on huge water bills.
While these techniques are only a few of the many methods out there, applying them can certainly make your garden bright and beautiful all year long.