Realizing the importance and ever-increasing demand of artificial lights for plant growth, several manufacturers came into the limelight with varying products. There are so many different types of artificial light sources which are designed to serve a specific purpose. The intention in most of the artificial light products however is to support plant growth where there is insufficiency of natural light source or where supplementary source is required. All of the artificial light types use different technologies with a common goal of providing more efficiency and effectiveness to the consumers at a cost effective price. The following is a list of the different types of lights for plant growth with a little bit of a description of each:
- Incandescent Lighting
The Incandescent Lighting have a yellowish tone and it is desirable where low color temperature (2700 K. Approx.) is required for the plants. The main use of incandescent lighting is just to highlight the covered or indoor plants. They are not meant as a source to cater plants growth. A lot of people make a mistake by considering them as grow lights as that it is how they are marketed. It has a blue filter coating which actually shrinks the capacity of red light which the bulb gives off. It is also the type which isn’t known to last for long. A typical incandescent light has a life of 750 hours. But they are energy efficient and generate more heat than the usable light.
- Halogen Lighting
Halogen lights are reasonably inexpensive and very easy to find. They are preferred in lamps and for other general needs, but they aren’t so useful for nourishing growing plants. A lot of people use it for growing plants for their low price, even realizing their ineffectiveness in the matter. They produce a lot of heat, which might damage or affect the indoor plant growth but they need to be watered regularly to balance the excessive heat from the light source. If you are using halogen lighting for growing plants, then you must consider one light source for two standard indoor plants.
- Fluorescent Lights
The color temperatures of such grow lights range from 2700 K to 10000 K. The maximum luminous efficacy of this type is 90 lm/ W with a minimum value of 60 lm/ W. They are useful for growing indoor vegetables, herbs and cannabis. The average lifespan of fluorescent type is 20,000 hours and they can be a bit expensive as well. There are high output fluorescent lights as well, which produce twice the light of a standard fluorescent source. The compact versions of this type are highly suitable for growing plants, especially because of their reflectors which direct light to the growing plants.
- Full Spectrum Fluorescent lights
Full spectrum fluorescent lights
The full spectrum fluorescent light is the one which covers the entire electromagnetic spectrum ranging from infrared to ultraviolet. These are the wavelengths of the spectrum which are considered useful for plant life and their healthy growth. The ‘Full-Spectrum’ term used with fluorescent grow light source is more of a marketing term than technical. They are preferred for plants for their wintertime harvest. The full spectrum fluorescent lights with blue wavelengths are known to enhance indoor vegetable plants growth and development. Furthermore, the inculcation of increasing red light from the spectrum boosts fruiting, budding and flowering specifically.
- High Intensity Discharge Lights (HIDs)
High Intensity Discharge Lights (HIDs)
The High Intensity Discharge lights or the HIDs are highly preferred for indoor plant growth due to their effectiveness and cost effective solution. The technical working of the HIDS include sending of electrical currents through metal vapors which charge electrons and also result later on in bumping into each other, thus generating light. They take some time, usually up to 30seconds before they can give their full output. They need to cool down completely before you can turn them on again after switching off. They are known to consume a lot of power, but still several others still go for the HIDs due to their effectiveness in plant growth. They are without any doubt very powerful and bright, but have a drawback as well. They produce excessive heat which needs to be curtailed, then through the airflow mechanism which balances/ maintains the heat at all time when they are operating.
- LED Grow Lights
LED Grow Lights
The LED grow lights undisputedly give the most effective solution for nourishing indoor plant development. They are known to conserve as much as 75% more energy as compared to the other traditional grow lights available in the market. Consuming less power means that your power bills wouldn’t increase by a big margin. The benefit of LED grow lights for indoor plant growth is that it uses specific wavelengths which are required for the healthy growth of indoor plants of all types. The traditional grow lights are lesser effective, especially because their light source is difficult to control or adjust according to the requirements of the indoor plants. But, the LED grow lights deploys only the red and blue wavelengths which give the right amount of energy required and also doesn’t waste the energy in any way. They are cooler than other types and also not heat up the temperature of the room as much as the other types do. They are highly preferred for their environment friendly characteristic as well.
- Growing Tips for your Indoor Grow Room:
The following are some useful tips for your indoor grow room:
- You need to research first as what are the basic requirements and settings of an indoor grow room.
- You must have a proper room for the purpose before you start to seeding or cloning.
- You need at least 30 Watt of LED grow light per square foot.
- Cleanliness is an important thing to consider in your setting.
- You must adhere to one line of nutrients as mixing different nutrients can cause lockouts and several other issues.
It is very hard to resist the importance and effectiveness of the LED Grow Lights for your indoor plant growth. There are many types of artificial light sources, but all are not as good as the LED one. They are energy efficient, cost effective and give exactly the performance, which is required for healthy plant growth. They do not waste any energy at all as it uses the right red and blue wavelengths of the spectrum. They’re environment friendly characteristic is useful as well and maintaining the overall temperature of the room is easier with the help of such lights. These lights can definitely help you make your indoor plant growth better and make you feel easy to handle temperature levels and light supply to your plants. Therefore, if you are looking around for a light source to nourish your indoor plant growth, then do not think about any other solution than the LED grow light.
Author Bio: Katie Smith is the enthusiastic woman. She loves writing about health and lifestyle on Hubnames.