Diabetes is a long-term disorder triggered due to body not responding to insulin or due to lower production of insulin or at times both. Type 1, Type 2, gestational are the categories diabetes is categorized into. Type 2 diabetes these days is more prevalent amongst children, than adults. Whereas Type 1 is the lesser common form of diabetes – diabetes-tests
Diabetes is becoming a more and more common disease. It was estimated that in 2013 alone, there were a whopping 382 million people suffering from the dreaded disease all over the globe. More and more people are suffering from this disease which stays with the person till his last breath. Most interestingly, in these days and times, even youngsters and children are seen to suffer from this condition. This is mainly due to the stress that every person has in the form of career, finances, family issues, health issues etc. Food habits of youngsters are also responsible for giving such serious illnesses to youngsters.
Factors causing diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes- This type generally strikes people in their mid 20 and 30s. Although it is a rare type, studies show that only 10% people are struck with this type of diabetes. It is also referred as Juvenile Diabetes. The exact causes are however still unknown, few factors that could possibly lead to Type 1 diabetes are:
- Damaged pancreas– Insulin producing cells in pancreas get destroyed by the immune system
- Genes– The child is more susceptible to contract diabetes if there is a history of the same in their family
- Autoimmune diseases- When healthy body tissues are destroyed by the immune system mistakenly, then it is a precursor of autoimmune diseases like Type 1 diabetes, arthritis etc.
- Poor lifestyle habits– Eating junk food, skipping breakfast, late night dinners, no exercise and overall an unhealthy lifestyle is a clear recipe for Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes- Sugar builds up happens in the insulin of people having Type 2 diabetes. The body cells become resistant to insulin and ultimately there is lesser than normal production of insulin. 90% of diabetic cases in the world are found to be of Type 2 category. Following factors could most certainly be reason for Type 2 diabetes:
- Obesity– Being overweight coupled with a family history of diabetes leads to Type 2 diabetes
- Carbonated drinks: Studies show that people who drink multiple cans of soda are directly susceptible to get Type 2 diabetes. This is only because such sodas contain atleast 15-18 tbsp of sugar. Which in turn only contributes in making the person obese.
- Lower testosterone levels- Studies show that men who have a lower testosterone level have a higher resistance to insulin and so are likely to contract Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational diabetes- This type of diabetes occurs in women only during their pregnancy. In this type, blood sugar in the woman’s body hit the roof which is absolutely dangerous for the baby as well as mothers. Factors that normally lead to gestational diabetes are as listed below:
- Unhealthy diet– Studies have linked high cholesterol, non-vegetarian diet before pregnancy to gestational diabetes
- Polycystic ovary syndrome: Women having a hormonal disorder known as Polycystic ovary syndrome are at higher risk of having gestational diabetes. Not getting timely treatment can lead to gestational diabetes.
- Ancestry– The woman is likelier to suffer from this type of diabetes if she is of Afro-American, American and Latino American descent
Tests to determine whether you have diabetes:
There are 2 ways of testing your blood sugar level to see whether you are a diabetic or no.
- A1C test– This test is also called hemoglobin A1C(HbA1C), glycated hemoglobin and glycosylated The test measures percentage of glucose in blood stream attached to hemoglobin. A rate of 6.5 % or more indicates that the person is diabetic. An A1C rate hinging between 5.7 and 6.4 is considered as the pre-diabetic stage. Further an A1C level below 5.7 is normal.
- Random blood Sugar test– A small amount of blood is drawn from your body for checking the sugar levels without considering the time of food last consumed. A range of 11.1 millimole/liter suggests presence of diabetes
- Oral glucose tolerance test- The patient is made to fast a night before testing. He/she is made to drink a sugary liquid and then the blood sugar levels are checked over a period of 2 hours. Blood sugar level higher than 200mg/dL indicates diabetes. A level less than 140 mg/dL is normal.
There are many centers which perform tests for HbA1C. You can find many cost effective pathology labs in India here.
Precautions to keep diabetes in check:
- Know how to use a blood sugar detecting kit
- Take care of your feet. Consult a doctor immediately if you find them to be swollen or blistered.
- Make it a point to go for eye-checkups from time to time
- Get sufficient sleep. Do not skimp on your sleep as it could lead to a low sugar count.
- Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels to an optimum
- Take vaccines regularly prescribed by your doctor
- Quit smoking, as it only increases your risk of developing further diabetic complications
- Do not stress over minor issues
Author’s Bio – Renuka Agarwal is certified in home health aide from Healthcare sector. She possesses proficient knowledge about various health related issues,diseases and treatments.