It can occur anywhere at all times, but it is still possible to prevent it from spreading and causing more damage. Firefighting materials are out in the market for residential use and you may find it surprising that some of them are not as expensive and unhandy as you seem. Aside from the proper guidance and knowledge about the components of fire, here are some of the cheap but useful fire fighting materials that you must have in your own home.
1) Smoke Detector
Smoke detectors or alarms play a vital role in fire incidents and have reduced numbers of fatalities to nearly 50 percent. When a fire occurs, its smoke spread quickly, causing the smoke detector to activate and wake the household up. All modern homes have these and if you live in an old home, you better have at least one installed. Always make sure that the smoke detectors are working by checking them every four months and replacing their batteries. Place these alarms to areas where the sound can be easily heard such as the bedrooms, living room, and the kitchen, where fire usually starts. When the alarm rings, immediately go outside and stay outside.
2) Fireproofing Spray
While smoke detectors save the lives of your family, fireproofing sprays save the material possessions that you worked hard for. When you purchase a furniture like a sofa, curtain, or table, it is advisable to ask the personnel to coat them with fire retardant chemicals. You may also buy a fireproof spray and apply it to your existing furniture. These fire retardants basically reduce the flammability of your furniture either by initiating a chemical reaction that kills the fire or physically blocking the flame that instantly prevents the fire from spreading throughout the entire household. These sprays may add a little cost to your budget but they are definitely worth the cost in the long run.
3) Firefighting Knapsack Sprayers
Professional firefighters stop huge, contagious fire but you, as a common resident, can keep your household from fire incidents by preventing a small fire from spreading. Experience the excitement of being a firefighter in your own home by having a firefighting knapsack sprayer, an easy to carry and worth keeping fire prevention material. These continual water jets that you may wear as a backpack kill spot fire before it becomes an unstoppable bushfire. Firefighting Knapsack sprayers have a double action hand pump that provides fast and consistent flow, allowing you to get water onto the fire quickly.
4) Fire Blanket
Blankets are usually used to give a person warmth during cold nights but in firefighting, it is the other way around. A fire blanket is a safety device composed of a sheet of fire retardant material used to extinguish starting fires. In the case of fire, simply put these non-flammable blankets on the flaming area and it will immediately cut the supply of oxygen needed to sustain fire. Since fires usually start in when you are cooking, it is advised to buy a small fire blanket that should be located in an accessible storage area near the kitchen to assist you with large fires on the stove. Fire blankets are helpful especially if you are not experienced in using fire extinguishers.
5) Homemade Fire Extinguisher
If you can’t afford those expensive fire extinguishers, then create one. Let your inner chemist come out as you produce your very own portable fire extinguisher. All you need to do is roam around your kitchen and look for these simple materials: baking soda, vinegar, and a jar or a bottle with a hole in the lid. If these materials seem familiar to you, yes, these are the same materials that you had when you created the volcanic eruption experiment during your science class. When the baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and the vinegar (acetic acid) collide, they create a chemical reaction that produces carbon dioxide gas, which will then sink in the air and remove the oxygen from the fire.
First, you have to fill the jar or bottle halfway full with vinegar. Avoid putting too much acid in the container so there will be a room for the chemical reaction. Then, you may activate your homemade fire extinguisher by adding a spoonful of baking soda in the jar. Immediately shake the jar or bottle and point it toward the fire. Try having a candle lighted and test your homemade fire extinguisher so you’ll see how it works.
You may hide a halfway full bottle of vinegar and sachet with a spoonful of baking soda in your kitchen so you’ll be ready when the fire breaks out.
Carmina Natividad supports all forms of home safety precautions and procedures. With this, she regularly writes informative articles about responsible housekeeping for Rapid Spray, one of the leading providers of poly products such as poly transport tanks and water cartage in Australia.